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ANTONIO CALVACHE (Spain, Cordoba 1896-1984 / act: Madrid)

Antonio Calvache Antonio Calvache Gómez de Mercado was born in Cordoba in 1896, when his father, the photographer Diego Calvache Almería, was installed for some time in the Andalusian capital. Before working in Jerez de la Frontera and definitely riding his studio in Madrid, particularly in the central number 16 Carrera de San Jeronimo. The studio soon became famous and captured the portraits of artists, intellectuals, bullfighters as important as Benito Pérez Galdós (1843-1920) and Jacinto Benavente (1866-1954). § The three sons of Calvache - Diego, Joseph and Antonio - followed the profession also successfully. § Joseph became independent and opened his own studio in Seville Street, also in Madrid. The popularity of Calvache was such that even the royal family asked to be immortalized by them. Celebrity photos signed by Calvache were frequently published in national magazines. § Antonio would be the best known of the Calvache by his adventurous spirit and bohemian that led him to try his luck in the world of bullfighting and film. § The brothers Diego and Antonio Calvache were great fans of bullfighting. Antonio dedicated himself since his early youth, to long capes and crutches, and the practice of bullfighting, and was often photographed by his father. The efforts and influence bore fruit, and on 26 July 1914 Antonio Calvache was made popular in the arenas. Accidents were inevitable and he was hurt in the thigh when fighting for the fifth bull of the corrida. This early setback did not deter him, and as soon as he recovered he returned to fight four times in the same arena, then in Jerez de la Frontera, later in Sevilla and Barcelona. He alternated with Zamora at a festival with Joselito El Gallo, Limeño and Whitey. The death of the bullfighter Antonio Carpio in the bullring of Astorga, on 27 August 1916 was tragic. Antonio Calvache accepted bullfighting contracts and donated all proceeds to the family of the unfortunate matador. The press hailed the act of Antonio Calvache, who alternated as a couple of the very popular matador Antonio Sánchez. On 13 July 1919 died of a cruel disease his brother, Diego, who acted as his agent and adviser. He had created the best portraits of bullfighters and artists of the theater. His untimely death left Antonio helpless, who after acting in the plaza of Madrid forward to serving your presentation: Appearing as a truant from class, elegant and fine. He stopped at a bullfight to meet the family photographic business. Antonio Calvache wore the costume playing the role of Antonio Romero's film "The Tragic Spain" of 1918, directed by Rafael Salvador. Calvache revealing himself as a great actor with extensive experience in the arena. In 1925 he was again required to star in the film "Currito Cross," an adaptation of the novel by Alejandro Pérez Lugín which was directed by Fernando Delgado. In the film "Currito Cross" of 1935 also directed by Fernando Delgado, Antonio Calvache was limited to advising the new lead actor, the bullfighter Antonio García Maravillas. Calvache never took the alternative. § As we had occasion to know, Antonio Calvache became involved film since his youth, first as an actor, consultant, director and finally making documentaries. We highlight his reporting on the Spanish civil war, as those who carried the title "Route of Fire" and "Collapse of the Red Army, which at the request of the Ministry of War in Germany and became part of training films their military academies. He also appeared in "The Battle of Teruel". He directed three films, one of the first was entitled "The Girl in the Cat." In 1926 he made "The Victors of Death," premiered in Madrid on 31 January 1927 and last was called "Boy," produced in 1940 by Compañía Industrial Film Español S.A. (CIFESA) and performed, among others, Luis Peña y Mariemna. In March 1942 the Melilla newspaper "El Telegrama del Rif" reported that Calvache had left for Rome, in order to shoot several films of Spanish atmosphere, and even one related to Melilla. § Finishing the year 1941, the legendary figure of Antonio Calvache took strong impetus to inaugurate "Altars of Spain" in the halls of the Melilla Military Club, an exhibition of some three hundred photographs with texts alluding to the performance in the recently-ended war civil Moroccan Army Corps and the Army of the Mastership. Then the last unit forming the garrison at Melilla. The solemn opening ceremony took place on the evening of 23 December 1941, attending the highest authorities of the city: General Rafael García Valiño, General Commander of Melilla from 29 August 1939 to 12 October 1942, the Mayor Don Rafael Alvarez Claro and many leaders of Falange, journalists, photographers and the general public. Recall that surprised Calvache fratricidal war in Madrid, where he fled to the national side and passed to join the brigades of Navarra, Maestrazgo and Moroccan Army Corps. Having as supreme commander General Rafael García Valiño and then capturing the images now showed. The exhibition remained open for five days, and famous journalist Julio Martínez Abad on the front page of El Telegrama del Rif dated 24 December 1941, wrote: "Enough so that visitors engage with this impression, with the arrest at the foot of the photographs. Literary taste in them - for us new, new, because it involves the root and the very real and strong, vigorous, lived as tense. Leave in abeyance who reads, not knowing what to admire more, if the picture beautiful and exalting of our values, or prose that illustrates that ceases to be poetry to become..." § To cap the exposure of Calvache in Melilla, initially project concluded with an event where women had the greatest role in Melilla. More finally turned to the Fallen for the Fatherland and Gentlemen Mutilated, women nevertheless taking Melilla in its representation of the Feminine Section of the Falange, the voice that made the call and was responsible for the organization of patriotic excess. In effect the main hall of the military club was adorned with taste, placing at its center a tilted platform covered with flowers and a photograph of the bearer Sardiña, framed by a laurel wreath as a symbol of sacrifice to death by Spain. § It also highlighted one of the photographs: a portrait of General García Valiño, which offered a palm Calvache with the following inscription: "To His Excellency, Mr. General García Valiño, the last of its volunteers." As expected, General García Valiño, accompanied by his wife, who chaired the event there was no shortage of local authorities, hierarchies percent of the Falange and the ladies who came to call the Women's Section. § The event was broadcast by Radio Melilla. Initiated by the Director of the broadcaster, Francisco Llinás, with the reading of the texts of some photographs by Melillan sculptor Marítimo Francisco Mir Berlanga and artist Luis Jurado, who soon after managed to direct the Municipal Academy of Design. Marching to the Peninsula years later. The following was read by the secretary to the Mayor, Salvador Carrillo de Albuquerque, a list of some of the many victorious war actions that took part in the First Division of Navarra, led by General García Valiño. After that, Antonio Calvache thanked for the enormous attention he received in Melilla. The ceremony was enlivened by the excellent band of the Arrow Marine. The solemn closing ended with a vibrant and patriotic speech of Mayor Álvarez Claro. And since terminated the proceedings, some ladies and girls placed bunches of flowers that had been received to begin the act, beneath a photograph of the bearer Sardiña. To then throw the rest of the women also loose flowers on the grave. Ramos and loose flowers that were collected to then form a committee of Calvache and ladies, that deposited with the War Memorial. § This was described by El Telegrama del Rif dinner organized by a lyrical Antonio Calvache in the studio of his friend the painter and sculptor Luis Jurado. Intended to show their appreciation to General García Valiño and other local dignitaries for their assistance so that he could expose his work in Melilla "Altars of Spain." It consisted of an intimate meal prepared by the former Metropol restaurant, attended by General García Valiño, Mayor Álvarez Claro, Francisco Llinás, and co-founder of Melilla Radio Julio Martínez Abad, influential editor of El Telegrama del Rif in addition to Luis Jurado and Calvache. § The evening was enlivened with staffs of gypsy songs and recitations of poetry, thanks to the guitar and piano Casado Miguel Beltrán. And while some serious people gave speeches, others recited poetry. A dinner where merged on love of country and devotion to art, in the words of Martínez Abad. § Besides the exhibition in Melilla, we know that Calvache in 1924 outlined a series of portraits at the Circulo de Bellas Artes in Madrid. A presentation of war in March 1942, and later that same year held an exhibition on Africa by the Sultan of Morocco Riad in Tangier, as a tribute to the Moroccan people. Some years after his death in 1994 could recover substantial part of his photographic work. Some jobs that put in the hands of Juan Miguel Sánchez Vigil, as it mounted an exhibition curator at the Centro Cultural Conde Duque in Madrid, under the title "Antonio Calvache". And the same Sánchez Vigil in 2000 published the book "Through the Looking Glass: comic, tragic and myths Calvache photographs. § After the Spanish civil war he lived some years in Morocco, specifically in Tangier, but also did some photographic work in major cities of North Africa: Ceuta, Tetouan and Melilla. § Calvache later went to Cuba and Paris, returning to Madrid elderly. Recall that Antonio Calvache was married to Aurelia, daughter of Pío Wandosell. A wealthy mining entrepreneur who reached Almería so much wealth that even changed his first name. More, surely the bohemian and adventurous nature led Calvache rapid dissolution of marriage. In Madrid, for bad life was in the need for a thousand and one jobs. Died here on 31 January 1984, at 88 years old in abject poverty and the after even had to sell many of his belognings and photographs. [Paco el Cordoba & Juan Díez]

BIBLIOGRAPHY:
PACO EL CORDOBA & JUAN DÍEZ Antonio Calvache: Photographer, Bullfighter, Actor and Filmmaker 18/01/2009 The Voice, Melilla

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