Jean-Baptiste Daniel-Dupuis was born on 15 February 1849 in Blois, France, to an artist father, and became himself a renowned sculptor, medallist and painter. In 1865 he was admitted at the age of sixteen at the École Nationale Supérieure des Beaux-Arts in Paris, studying first painting, and then sculpture. Three years later in 1868 he won the Second Grand Prix de Rome de Gravure en Médailles. In the same year, at the age of 19, he became professor for drawing at the É cole Municipale de Paris. Subsequently Dupuis received the Grand Prix de Rome in 1872, a third-class medal at the Salon of 1877 and numerous other awards at exhibitions in Paris, Brussels, Amsterdam and Antwerp. He exhibited cast portrait medals of Charles Bayet, Antonin Mercié and Luc Olivier Merson, evincing in these his admiration for Renaissance medals. Daniel-Dupuis was a prolific medallist, who executed numerous commemorative pieces, such as those for the Election of Jules Grévy as President (1879); the Municipality of Paris (1880); the Chamber of Deputies (1884); the Société des artistes français (1885); and the Exposition Universelle (1889). In a lighter vein, he also executed one of the first motoring medals (1896) for the Automobile Club of France; while his plaquettes, such as the Source (originally modelled in 1873, reduced, engraved and issued in 1898), the Nest and Déner de la Marmite (both 1890), and Madonna and Marriage (both 1892) were very popular with the general public. He also produced a large number of portraits and other studies in the form of medals, plaquettes, busts and bas-reliefs. He was created Officer of the Légion d'Honneur in 1897. In the book reference BDM (Forrer 1902) the author writes: "As an exponent of the new French Medallic Art this great artist stands only second to such men as Chaplain and Roty, and in some of his beautiful works he has even rivalled them". Daniel-Dupuis' career ended prematurely on 14 November 1899, when he was murdered by his deranged wife as he lay asleep. Some of his medals have been issued after his death.
[Megakles Rogakos 12/2008]
MAIER, NICOLAS French Medallic Art 1870-1940 2010 Munich [English/German/French]