FRANCK Portrait of Prince Murat (1803-1878) ca. 1860 [R/V] - x +

CN: Fran1860mura

MT: albumen print on paper mounted on card (9x6 / C:11x6)

TX: printed at lower left of margin in French <FRANCK. PHOT.>, inscribed with fountain pen at lower center of margin <Prince Murat>, inscribed with pencil at rear upper left <Prince Murat>, printed at upper center <PHOTOGRAPHIE / DE / FRANCK / MÉDAILLES D'OR D'ARGENT. / 18 / RUE VIVENNE / AU 2ME ÉTAGE / Tous les Clichés sont conservés>, stamped below <MAISON / ALPH GIROUX>

PR: Maison Alphonse Giroux, Paris

DN: Mr. Megakles Rogakos - 2009

CM: Lucien Charles Joseph Napoléon, 3rd Prince Murat, 2nd Prince of Pontecorvo (1803- 10 April 1878, Paris) was a French politician. He was born with the courtesy title of Prince of the Two Sicilies. § He was born on 16 May in Milan, the second son of Joachim Murat, King of Naples (1808-1815), and his Queen consort Caroline Bonaparte. His maternal uncles included Joseph Bonaparte, Napoleon I of France, Lucien Bonaparte, Louis Bonaparte and Jérôme Bonaparte. His maternal aunts included Elisa Bonaparte and Pauline Bonaparte. § Murat had to flee the Italian Peninsula after his father's execution, which had been ordered by Ferdinand IV of Naples. Between 1815 and 1822 he and his older brother Prince Achille Murat received a solid education at Castle Frohsdorf in the Austrian Empire. He later went to Venice, where he was pursued by the Austrian authorities, necessitating his departure to the United States. His ship however shipwrecked in Spain and captured by the Spanish, compelling him to remain there for many months, until his brother secured assistance from President of the United States James Monroe for his release. He finally arrived in the United States in April 1825. He traveled to Philadelphia to meet his maternal uncle Joseph Bonaparte and from there traveled extensively in the western part of the country, as well as Texas and California. On 18 August 1831 Murat married Caroline Georgina Fraser (1810-1879), daughter of Thomas Fraser and wife Anne Lauton, at Bordentown, New Jersey and lived several years in Bordentown, New Jersey. He and his wife Caroline Georgina Fraser: Princess Caroline Laetitia Murat (1832-1902); Joachim Joseph Napoléon Murat, 4th Prince Murat, 3rd Prince of Pontecorvo (1834-1901); Princess Anne Murat (1841-1924); Prince Charles Louis Napoléon Achille Murat (1847-1895); and Prince Louis Napoléon Murat (1851-1912). On his many travels to France, Murat sought in 1838 and 1844 the possibility to reclaim his family's right to the throne, which his elder brother had abandoned. In France he was always only allowed to stay five weeks at a time. § He continued to live in the United States, staying in daily correspondence with his backers, until the fall of Louis-Philippe of France in 1848 new possibilities arose. He returned to France with his wife, and was elected a member of the constituent assembly, and in 1849 appointed as Minister for Turin. In 1852 received the status of a senators and the title of a prince. In 1861 he tried one more time to regain the throne of Naples, and composed a manifest to this aim. It was however ill received by his maternal first cousin Napoleon III of France, and as he would not support his aim, Murat retracted. During the Franco-Prussian War after the French defeat at the Siege of Metz (3 September – 23 October 1870), Murat was imprisoned with Marshal of France François Achille Bazaine. After the fall of the Second French Empire, Murat moved back to United States for a short time where he had still business interests to attend to. Napoléon Lucien Murat died on the 10 April 1878 in Paris. His wife died shortly after him on 10 February 1879.

[Megakles Rogakos 12/2009]