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FRANZ HANFSTAENGL (Germany, Baiernrain bei Bad Tölz 1804-1877 / act: Munich)

Franz Hanfstaengl Franz Hanfstaengl was a German painter, lithographer and photographer.

Franz Seraph Hanfstaengl was born on 1 March 1804 in Baiernrain bei Bad Tölz, Germany, to a commoner family. In 1816, upon the recommendation of the town-school-teachers, he came into the drawing-class of the leave-day school at Munich led by Hermann Josef Mitterer. He was instructed in lithography, he had contact with Alois Senefelder and studied from 1819 to 1825 at the Munich Academy of Fine Arts. Hanfstaengl won for himself much popularity as the portrait lithographer of Munich society, being nicknamed 'Count Litho'. In 1833 he founded in Munich a lithographic establishment of his own, to which he later attached a fine art printing shop and in 1853 a photographic workshop. This shop operated until 1868. § Between 1835 and 1852 Hanfstaengl brought out about 200 lithographic reproductions of masterworks from the Dresden picture-gallery, and published them in a portfolio. Later, he became court photographer and produced portraits of distinguished persons, amongst others of the young King Ludwig II, of Franz Liszt, Otto von Bismarck and Empress Elisabeth of Austria.

Franz Hanfstaengl influenced his brother-in-law, the Austrian physician, inventor and politician Norbert Pfretzschner senior in the evolving of the photographic dry-plate in 1866. He was married to Franziska Wegmeier (1809-1860), by whom he became the father of Edgar Hanfstaengl. Another family-member, Erwin von Hanfstaengl, in 1873 married the opera-singer Marie Schröder.

Franz Hanfstaengl died on 18 April 1877 in Munich.

[Megakles 08/2008]

BIBLIOGRAPHY:
GEBHARDT, HEINZ Franz Hanfstaengl: Von der Lithographie zur Photographie (From Lithography to Photography) 1984 C. H. Beck, München
HESS, HELMUT Franz Hanfstaengl: Das Kunstwerk und sein Abbild (The Publishing-House of Franz Hanfstaengl and Early Photographic Art-Reproduction) 1999 Akademischer Verlag, Munich

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