MT: albumen print on paper mounted on card (9x5 / C:11x6)
TX: inscribed with fountain pen at lower center of margin in French <Duc de Broglie>, printed at lower center <MAYER & PIERSON, PHOT.>, at left <Déposé>, at right <garanti d'après nature>, inscribed with pencil at rear upper center <Duc de Broglie>, printed at center <MAYER & PIERSON / PHOTOGRAPHES DE S.M. L'EMPEREUR / Boulevard des Capucines, 3. / PARIS>, stamped below <MAISON / ALPH. GIROUX>
CM: Achille-Léonce-Victor-Charles, 3rd Duc de Broglie (28 November 1785 - 26 January 1870) was a French statesman and diplomat. He was twice President of the Council during the July Monarchy, from August 1830 to November 1830 and from March 1835 to February 1836. Victor de Broglie was close to the liberal Doctrinaires who opposed the ultra-royalists and were absorbed, under Louis-Philippe's rule, by the Orléanists. § He was born in Paris, the son of Charles-Louis-Victor, prince de Broglie and grandson of Victor-François, 2nd Duc de Broglie. While his grandfather emigrated, his parents were imprisoned during the Terror. His father was guillotined in 1794, but his mother managed to escape to Switzerland, where she remained until the fall of Robespierre. She then returned to Paris with her children and lived there quietly until 1796, when she married the Marc-René-Voyer de Paulmy, marquis d'Argenson, grandson of Louis XV's minister of war. On his grandfather's death in 1804, Victor de Broglie became the third duc de Broglie. Under the care of his stepfather, the young duke received a careful and liberal education and made his entrée into the aristocratic and literary society of Paris under the First French Empire. In 1821, his wife, the daughter of Erik Magnus Staël von Holstein (himself husband of Madame de Staël), gave birth to Albert, who would become the fourth duke of Broglie. § In 1809, Broglie was appointed a member of the Council of State, over which the emperor presided in person. In addition, he was sent by the emperor on diplomatic missions, as an attaché, to various countries. Though he had never been in sympathy with the principles of the Empire, the duc de Broglie was not one of those who rejoiced at its downfall. In common with all men of experience and sense, he realized the danger to France of the rise to power of the forces of violent reaction. With Decazes and Richelieu, he saw that the only hope for a calm future lay in the reconciliation of the Restoration with the French Revolution. By the influence of his uncle, Amédée de Broglie, his right to a peerage had been recognized, and to his own great surprise he received, in June 1814, a summons from Louis XVIII to the Chamber of Peers. There, after the Hundred Days, he distinguished himself by his courageous defence of Marshal Ney, for whose acquittal he, alone of all the peers, both spoke and voted. § After this defiant act of opposition it was perhaps fortunate that his impending marriage gave him an excuse for leaving the country. On 15 February 1816, he was married at Leghorn to Albertine, baroness Staël von Holstein, the daughter of Madame de Staël. He returned to Paris at the end of the year, but took no part in politics until the elections of September 1816 broke the power of the ultraroyalists and substituted for the Chambre introuvable a moderate assembly composed of liberal Doctrinaires. Broglie's political attitude during the years that followed is best summed up in his own words: "From 1812 to 1822 all the efforts of men of sense and character were directed to reconciling the Restoration and the Revolution, the old régime and the new France. From 1822 to 1827 all their efforts were directed to resisting the growing power of the counter-revolution. From 1827 to 1830 all their efforts aimed at moderating and regulating the reaction in a contrary sense."