CM: Dionysus was the great Olympian god of wine, vegetation, pleasure and festivity. He was depicted as either an older bearded god or a pretty effeminate, long-haired youth. His attributes included the thyrsos (a pine-cone tipped staff), drinking cup, leopard and fruiting vine. He was usually accompanied by a troop of Satyrs and Mainades (female devotees or nymphs). The Olympic hymn to Dionysus reads as follows: "I begin to extol the loud ivy-haired Dionysus / beautiful son of Zeus and glorious Semeli / that the well-combed nymphs have brought up when from the powerful father / they received him to join their ranks and willing took care of / in the gorges of Nyssa; and by the will of Zeus he grew / in a fragrant cavern becoming the immortals. / So when the deities nurtured his highness, / then he roamed in forested ravines / decorated with ivy and laurel; the nymphs attended him / and he led them; and the vast forest was filled with joy. / So fare well to you, oh wine-master Dionysus; / and let us live our time with excitement / and for times to come."