Étienne Picart, better known as Stephanus Picart Romanus was born in Paris on 21 October 1632 and died in Amsterdam on 12 November 1721. He was the son of Bernard Picart, a Paris bookseller, and trained as engraver with François de Poilly I. He was a friend of the engraver Guillaume Vallet (1632-1704), and from 1655 to 1661 they were in Rome together; from this derives Picart's sobriquet of 'le Romain'. In Rome, Picart made engravings after Reni, Domenichino, Tintoretto and Francesco Albani and in 1658 engraved a frontispiece for a thesis after Maratti. Having returned to France, Picart and Vallet were admitted in 1664 to the Académie Royale de Peinture et de Sculpture. He opened a studio on the Rue Saint Jacques, au Buste de Monseigneur, engraving prints and book illustrations. Towards the end of his life, in 1710, Picart and his son Bernard emigrated to the Netherlands where he continued to print until his death at the age of eighty-nine.