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WILLIAM RADCLYFFE (England, Birmingham 1783-1855 / act: Birmingham)

William Radclyffe William Radclyffe was a topographical engraver. He was born on 20 October 1783 in Birmingham and died there on 29 December 1855. He was a cousin of John Pye (1782-1874), and together they attended the drawing academy of Joseph Barber (1757-1811) and were apprenticed to William Tolley (f. 1790-1829), a writing engraver. They went to London about 1800, but Radclyffe soon returned to Birmingham and helped to establish the Academy of Arts (later Royal Birmingham Society of Artists) there. His pupils included James Tibbetts Willmore (1800-1863), Thomas Garner (1789-1868) and Samuel Fisher (f. 1830-1855); Joseph Goodyear (1797-1839) and Thomas Jeavons (ca. 1800-1867) were his assistants. He was engaged largely on topographical book illustrations and did nearly forty plates for Jones & Co.s Great Britain Illustrated: Views of the Seats, Mansions, Castles (London, 1829), ninety-seven for T. Roscoe's Wanderings and Excursions in North Wales (London, 1836) and Wanderings and Excursions in South Wales (London, 1837), for example Pass of Llanberis after David Cox. Engravings after J.M.W. Turner, such as Mantes, appeared in L. Ritchie's Wanderings by the Seine (London, 1835), and after W.H. Bartlett in W. Beattie's Switzerland (London, 1836), J. Pardoe's Beauties of the Bosphorus (London, 1840) and N.P. Willis' American Scenery (London 1840). From 1840 to 1855 he engraved plates for the Oxford Almanack, for example Village of Iffley (1841) after Peter De Wint. Among his last works were Prayer in the Desert (1847) after William James Müller and Crossing the Sands (1848) after William Collins. His son, Edward Radclyffe (1810-1863), became a well-known London engraver.

[Megakles Rogakos 09/2005]

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