FRANCES RICH Study for Army & Navy Nurse Bust 1937-1938 [R/A] - x +

CN: RicF1938nur1

MT: plaster (64x74x42)

IL: Megakles Rogakos 2010, p.30-31

PR: Frances L. Rich Trust - 2009

CM: Frances Rich's present work is a study in plaster for the bust of the Army & Navy Nurse memorial at Arlington National Cemetery, Virginia. The 305 cm figure of pink Tennessee marble designed by Rich, herself a high-ranking naval officer, was dedicated to the army and navy nurses who had given their lives in line of duty. It represents the archetype of a war nurse standing above its beholders and gazing with maternal affection upon them. Rich said: "In my Army & Navy Nurse I have tried to portray a quality I love, which is compassion with strength" [Jacqueline Van Voris 1971, p.45]. In many respects, this memorial is Rich's successful attempt to objectify values that are built over generations through history and tradition. The statue stands on a hill in Section 21 of Arlington Cemetery, near the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier, on the only plot in the cemetery reserved for military nurses. Dr. Anita Newcomb McGee (1864-1940), who is buried in Section 1, was a leader in the movement of commissioning this memorial. As its plaque records: "This monument was unveiled on 8 November 1938 and rededicated in 1971 to commemorate devoted service to country and humanity by army, navy and air force nurses." An archival photograph from the unveiling ceremony shows, from the left, Miss Ida Hube, who sponsored the project and served from 1906 to 1910 as an army nurse; Irene Rich, mother of the designer; and Frances Rich, the designer who is placing a wreath.

[Megakles Rogakos 01/2009]

ARMITAGE, MERLE The Sculpture of Frances Rich 1974 Manzanita Press
VAN VORIS, JACQUELINE Interview with Frances Rich 14/11/1971 The Frances L. Rich Archives, Payson, AZ
ROGAKOS, MEGAKLES Frances Rich - La Gazelle 2010 The American College of Greece - ACG Art, Athens