ANDREW WARHOLA / dit: ANDY WARHOL (USA, Pittsburg, Pennsylvania 1928-1987 / act: New York)
Andrew Warhola (6 August 1928 - 22 February 1987), known as Andy Warhol, was an American painter, printmaker, and filmmaker who was a leading figure in the visual art movement known as pop art. After a successful career as a commercial illustrator, Warhol became famous worldwide for his work as a painter, avant-garde filmmaker, record producer, author, and public figure known for his membership in wildly diverse social circles that included bohemian street people, distinguished intellectuals, Hollywood celebrities and wealthy patrons.
Warhol has been the subject of numerous retrospective exhibitions, books, and feature and documentary films. He coined the widely used expression "15 minutes of fame." In his hometown of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, The Andy Warhol Museum exists in memory of his life and artwork.
The highest price ever paid for a Warhol painting is $100 million for a 1963 canvas titled Eight Elvises. The private transaction was reported in a 2009 article in The Economist, which described Warhol as the "bellwether of the art market." $100 million is a benchmark price that only Jackson Pollock, Pablo Picasso, Gustav Klimt and Willem de Kooning have achieved.
[Megakles Rogakos 12/2004]
LIPPARD, LUCY R. Pop Art 1970 Thames & Hudson, London & New York
GARRELS, GARY The Work of Andy Warhol: Discussions in Contemporary Culture, No.3 1989 Dia Art Foundation, Beacon NY
GUILES, FRED LAWRENCE Loner at the Ball: The Life of Andy Warhol 1989 Bantam, New York
JAMES, JAMES Andy Warhol: The Producer as Author in Allegories of Cinema: American Film in the Sixties 1989 Princeton University Press, Princeton, p.58–84
MARCO LIVINGSTONE & DAN CAMERON Pop Art: An International Perspective 1992 Rizzoli, New York
YAU, JOHN In the Realm of Appearances: The Art of Andy Warhol 1993 Ecco Press, Hopewell, NJ
SUAREZ, JUAN ANTONIO Bike Boys, Drag Queens, & Superstars: Avant-Garde, Mass Culture, and Gay Identities in the 1960s Underground Cinema 1996 Indiana University Press, Indianapolis
BOCKRIS, VICTOR Warhol: The Biography 1997 Da Capo Press, New York
COLACELLO, BOB Holy Terror: Andy Warhol Close Up 1990 HarperCollins, New York
JENNIFER DOYLE, JONATHAN FLATLEY, JOSÉ ESTEBAN MUÑOZ (eds) Pop Out: Queer Warhol 1996 Duke University Press, Durham
FOSTER, HAL The Return of the Real 1996 MIT Press / October Book, Cambridge MA, c.5
KRAUSS, ROSALIND E. Warhol's Abstract Spectacle in Abstraction, Gesture, Ecriture: Paintings from the Daros Collection 1999 Scalo, New York, p.123–133
MICHELSON, ANNETTE October Files: Andy Warhol 2001 The MIT Press, Cambridge MA
DILLENBERGER, JANE D. The Religious Art of Andy Warhol 2001 Continuum International Publishing Group, New York City
WATSON, STEVEN Factory Made: Warhol and the Sixties 2003 New York: Pantheon
KOESTENBAUM, WAYNE Andy Warhol 2003 Penguin, New York
TONY SCHERMAN & DAVID DALTON Pop: The Genius of Andy Warhol 2009 HarperCollins, New York