NICOS ZOGRAPHOS Bust Portrait of Rector Ioannis Theofanopoulos (1876-1944) ca. 1935 Athens [R/V] - x +

CN: ZogN1935theo

MT: graphite on silver print on paper, glazed in original wooden frame (56x44 / F:62x51x2)

TX: signed with pencil at lower right of picture in Greek <NZographos // reproduction._>

DN: Mr. Megakles Rogakos - 2008

CM: The Portrait Bust of Rector at the Technical University Mr. Ioannis Theofanopoulos was created by photographer Nicos Zographos in the mid of 1930s in Athens.

In December 1944 three eminent professors from the Technical University (rector Ioannis Theofanopoulos, dean of the faculty of engineers George Sarropoulos and professor of political economy Spyridon Koronis) along with twelve students (including Stathis Iatridis, Danae Iatridou, Eugenia Lytras, and Nicolaos Koryzis) were arrested for questioning by the 'Lord Byron' ELAS army band, led by Gregory Farakos, driven to the place of martyrdom and killed wild. The victims paid with their lives their dedication to the nation and freedom.

At the rear of this present photograph is affixed the first page of 'Enosis: Politics and Events Newspaper of Patras', issue number 15, of Monday, 6 March 1945, which includes the following article on the portrayed person:

"IOAN. THEOFANOPOULOS: ONE MORE VICTIM OF EAM'S ATTROCITY § As is well known to a great part of the public of our city, the large number of executions carried out by fighters of the National Liberation Front - EAM (Ethniko Apeleftherotiko Metopo) and the National People's Liberation Army - ELAS (Ethinkos Laikos Apeleftherotikos Stratos) upon attempting a coup last December, included our citizen Ioannis Theofanopoulos, professor and rector of the National Technical University of Athens. Owing to its significant content, we publish below the funerary speech given by professor Mr. Athanasios Roussopoulos at the funeral of the deceased in Athens, which materialized at public expense. § THE FUNERARY SPEECH BY PROFESSOR Mr. ROUSSOPOULOS § The farewell of a deceased is an act of vital remembrance before an irreversible flight. § In the farewell a man who leaves behind half century of knowledge solid and wise, intense and widespread activity, goodness in every direction and towards all those who knew him, warm affection for his close ones and others - at the farewell of such a man, as the present deceased, prevails a feeling of bitter regret, but also deep satisfaction by those who enjoyed, whether in the long or short term, each other's company in our short lives. § However, in today's farewell of Ioannis Theophanopoulos prevails another emotion, harsh, painful, humiliating. Shame. § Shame before the body of the honorable ambassador, which was cruelly dishonored and wildly executed. § Shame for the students that raised an insolent hand on their respectable professor, who stood for them always and under tragic conditions not only a wise teacher but a caring and protective father. § Shame to all of us who did not foresee or prevent such crimes and this very crime. § Shame to our precious vision of social justice, which was greatly dishonored and soiled from acts that were carried out in its name. § No excuse may apply that at great shifts of human history revolutions necessitate victims, because we have behind us a century of rapid and positive development, which has changed this account of life and which created such spiritual resurge, that it is no longer necessary for humanity to pass through the debris of human barbarity to carry on. § Heavy responsibility belies the spiritual community, who at today's moments of revolution had to put barriers to catastrophic tendencies and to guide us on the right track. Instead part of the intellectual community, owing to low morale or indifference, is a helpless witness. Here too, there is also no excuse because again over the last hundred years of the recent and stable intellectual edifice, the spirit is endowed with the power of a leader. § The death of Ioannis Theophanopoulos and other similar deaths capitulate for the past a crime. § For the future they point to duty, a heavy duty. § Ioannis Theofanopoulos over forty years taught at the Technical University and shared with unimaginable love and enthusiasm his knowledge to generations of engineers, this bright scientist, this excellent philanthropist always threw himself, without modest calculations and foolish aspirations, to mutual goodness, thereby contributing to the scientific and technical progress of the largest industrial, transport and hospital organizations in the country. This fanatic patriot who has protected and instigated every national effort and strife of the university's students in the dark years of slavery, against the barbarian invaders, who as rector risked many times his life to save from execution several dozen students, this superior person treacherously fell from the hands led by insane and criminal evictions. He was killed a martyr, as if his death should thus seal his luminous and fruitful life. § His tragic death following his continuous and exhaustive way of unsaid deprivation and endless degradation at the early snows on the inhospitable mountains of Greece, obliges us all to stand with respect to his fresh-dug grave and to recount with fear our responsibilities to our descendants, for not being able, each in our own domain, to become standard-bearers and apostles of the true concept of social justice, in order for so many unjustified crimes over the recent anarchist event to be avoided. § We, his old students, with bitter soul for his unjust and cruel loss, but with infinite gratitude for what he did for us, over tens of years, our good father, we pray to our most gracious God to rest his soul, which was to drink fully the cup of suffering and martyrdom. § K.D.S."

[Megakles Rogakos 08/2008]